and the buildings surrounding the town square are by French architect Jacques-François Blondel, who was awarded the task of redesigning and modernizing the centre of Metz by the Royal Academy of Architecture in 1755 the context of the Enlightenment. Retrieved "Intercommunal cooperation scheme of Metz Metropole" (PDF) (in French). At first, facilities were grouped around the lake Symphony, like Supélec in 1985 and Georgia Tech Lorraine in 1990. 101 From ancient history to the present, the city has been successively fortified and modified to accommodate the troops stationed there. Retrieved "Climat Lorraine" (in French). Check date values in: accessdate ( help ) "Official website of Metz municipality" (in French). 101 A medieval bridge castle from the 13th century, named Germans' Gate ( French : Porte des Allemands today converted into a convention and exhibition centre, has become one of the landmarks of the city. 62 Metz is the prefecture of the Moselle based in the former Intendant Palace. Check date values in: accessdate ( help ) a b "Official municipal website, Public garden map of Metz" (PDF). 161 In 1996, the engineering school Arts et Métiers ParisTech (ensam) built a research and learning center next to the golf course. Retrieved b "Metz Cathedral webcam". These observations may lead to the general use of the PLD to grow chiral organic thin films. Main sights edit See also: List of Historic Monuments in Metz, France Religious heritage edit Civil heritage edit the opera house of Metz Metropole built during the 18th century in Tuscany -influenced neo-Classical style. 65 It is the oldest working opera house in France and one of the oldest in Europe. 65 The city possesses one of the largest Urban Conservation Areas in France, 66 and more than 100 of the city's buildings are classified on the Monument Historique list. It also maintains German laws enacted by the German Empire between 18, specific provisions adopted by the local authorities, and French laws that have been enacted after 1919 to be applicable only in Alsace-Lorraine. (2011) La Lorraine Annexée - version 2011, nouvelle édition. Archived from the original (PDF) on Retrieved "Towns and Lands of Art and History, official list from the French Minister of Culture, November 2011" (PDF) (in French). Dunkerque, grenoble, la Rochelle, le Havre, le Mans Lens Limoges Lorient Luxembourg Metz Montbéliard Mulhouse Nancy Nîmes Orleans Pau Perpignan Poitiers Reims Rouen Saint-Etienne Saint-Brieuc Tarbes Toulon Tours Troyes Vannes Discount rate E-Ticket / M-Ticket billetcollector Video DON'T miss. Check date values in: accessdate ( help ) "Animation of the Saint-Stephen Cathedral construction, part 3" (video). Retrieved "British towns twinned with French towns". 56 The mayor is assisted by 54 municipal councillors, 57 and the municipal council is held on the last Thursday of every month. 65 The Centre Pompidou-Metz museum in the Amphitheatre District represents a strong architectural initiative to mark the entrance of Metz into the 21st century.